Child Exploitation and Missing Children
What is Child Criminal Exploitation (CCE)?
Child criminal exploitation occurs where organised crime groups or individuals exploit an inbalance of power between themselves and a child or young person, to manipulate the young person into carrying out illegal activities on their behalf. This type of exploitation commonly occurs within County Lines and Modern Day Slavery, both of which interlink with a wide range of recognised vulnerabilities including child sexual exploitation (CSE), human trafficking, debt bondage, children in care and school exclusion.
Home Office guidance on criminal exploitation of young people can be found here (Sep 2018) https://assets.publishing.service.gov. uk/government/uploads/system/ uploads/attachment_data/file/741194/ HOCountyLinesGuidanceSept2018.pdf
What is Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)?
Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) is when someone grooms and controls a child for a sexual purpose. It can happen to boys and girls, it can happen in rural and urban areas, it can happen face to face and it can happen online. It is a form of child abuse.
Revised statutory definition of child sexual exploitation (Feb 2017)
Child sexual exploitation is a form of child sexual abuse. It occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into sexual activity (a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or (b) for the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator. The victim may have been sexually exploited even if the sexual activity appears consensual.
Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology.’
The new Working Together advice on CSE and the new definition can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/ child-sexual-exploitation-definition-and-guide- for-practitioners